When and how much panicle hydrangea blooms
One of the most attractive and colorful flowers in the flowerbed is luxurious hydrangea. It is highly appreciated by gardeners, especially for the long flowering period, which in some varieties begins in mid-April and lasts until the fall. For what year panicle hydrangea blooms, and how to properly care for it to prolong flowering - find out from the article.
When panicle hydrangea blooms
The predominant number of hydrangeas grown in climatic conditions of central Russia are deciduous crops, the flowering of which lasts from April to the end of November. Panicled is a plant in the form of a bush up to 1.5 m high, having a dense, dense, spherical crown, consisting of numerous branched shoots. On the shoots are medium-sized rounded or ovoid leaves of green color.
Green buds form on the bushes in the second half of July and by the end of the month they become white.. Thus, flowering lasts several months: from July to the last days of October. At this time, hydrangea is covered with pyramidal inflorescences, up to 25 cm long, outwardly resembling panicles. Fruiting flowers are small in size, have a white color, infertile - larger ones, are distinguished by a pale white color, which becomes pink or purple during the growth of the culture.
What year does hydrangea bloom after planting?
As a rule, the beginning of flowering hydrangea will depend on:
- climatic conditions in which the plant is grown;
- the period of planting seedlings.
If planting was carried out in early spring in a soil enriched with nutrients, the bush can bloom in the middle of the summer season, but the number of inflorescences will be small.
As practice shows, on average, hydrangea forms flowers in the third year after planting it in open ground.
Important! It is worth remembering that panicled hydrangea does not bloom for 2 and 4 years after planting.
Dates and Duration
Hydrangeas are flowers that many have come to love due to lush, colorful and long flowering. The duration of the flowering period will depend on several factors: the variety of the plant, the method of cultivation (in open soil or indoors), climate, and the characteristics of the care.
Breeders have been working for more than a hundred years to develop new varieties of hydrangeas, which are characterized by a long flowering period. The first varieties of culture retained flowers for only 2-3 months. Today, flower growers strive to organize in their garden a continuous flowering culture throughout the growing season. However, quite often such attempts end in vain due to the lack of reliable information about the timing of flowering. Correctly selected cultivar helps to solve such problems.
The earliest flowering of garden hydrangea starts in the second half of June. These early varieties include large-leaved Messalina, Phantom and Green Racer. The predominant part of all varieties of culture pleases with lush flowering from mid-July to the end of September. Some varieties, such as Forever and Ever Peppermint, Candlelight, Phantom or Mega Mindy, retain a riot of colors until the end of October.
Experienced gardeners, knowing how much a particular variety blooms, decorate a flower bed with one or two different bushes, thus providing uninterrupted flowering from early summer to mid-autumn.
Did you know? According to archaeological excavations that were carried out in North America, hydrangea grew 40 thousand years ago.
Indoor hydrangea varieties are usually grown under indoor conditions, which in the summer are brought to the balcony or fresh air. The flowering time of indoor crops depends solely on their varietal characteristics and literacy care. Under comfortable growing conditions, the plant will be able to please the appearance of beautiful bright flowers at the same time as the garden variety.
But it should be remembered that an excess of alkali salts has a detrimental effect on the condition of the flower. For this reason, experts advise regular transplantation into a new, fresh substrate. It is also allowed to introduce “folk” oxidizing agents into the soil in the form of tea leaves, a solution of citric acid.
In order for hydrangea to please a steady and bright flowering, it needs to arrange good conditions for growth, competently plant seedlings and provide them with proper care. It is also very important to properly care for the flower after its flowering ends.
Site and soil preparation
In most cases, gardeners practice growing hydrangeas from seedlings.
The timing of planting the material will depend on the climatic conditions of the cultivation region:
- in the southern regions, planting is allowed in the spring or autumn, since the weather conditions of the district allow the culture to take root and adapt to a new place;
- planting in the central, northern regions or in the middle zone of the Russian Federation is better to transfer to the spring, since during the autumn planting, the flower may freeze before it can take root.
For garden hydrangea, it is advisable to choose sunny, spacious areas with little shading during the hours of the scorching sun. It is better if the culture grows away from trees and shrubs with a similar surface root system, otherwise, a struggle for moisture and nutrients from the soil will arise between them.
It is preferable to plant on fertile, light, breathable soils with weak or moderate acidity.. You can prepare the substrate yourself from the same parts of sheet, sod soil, peat and sand.
Important! When hydrangea is grown on alkaline soils, it can be affected by chlorosis, as a result of which the leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off. To prevent the disease, it is recommended to water the bushes with a solution of salts with iron content once every 10 days.
Scheme and landing technique
In the first 3-4 years, the plant grows at a rather slow pace, forming an annual growth of up to 5–7 cm. For this reason, bushes are planted at a distance of about 15–20 cm from each other. Two years later, they are seated, leaving an interval between copies of approximately 1 m.
Planting seedlings is carried out according to the following technology:
- Dig a recess, the size of which is 1.5–2 times the size of the root system.
- The bottom of the pit is covered with any drainage: broken brick, pebbles, expanded clay.
- The soil removed from the pit is mixed with peat, humus and sand in a ratio of 3: 1: 1: 1 and 1 tbsp is added. l superphosphate and potassium salts.
- A prepared substrate is poured on top of the drainage layer.
- The seedling is lowered into the pit, the root processes are gently straightened and covered with soil so that the neck of the root remains on the surface by 2–4 cm, otherwise the plant will quickly decay and die.
- The soil around the crop is slightly rammed, watered abundantly with cold water, based on one bush of at least 3-4 liters.
- The trunk circle is covered with a layer of mulch from peat or needles.
So that the plant is not damaged under the influence of winds, it is tied to a wooden support
How to care for a flower after flowering
Many gardeners neglect the rules for caring for hydrangea after flowering.. And it is completely in vain, because such events have a beneficial effect on the condition of the bushes and their further flowering.
After the plant has flowered, it is necessary:
- a crop that was grown in pots after the first frost, approximately in October, brought to a cool place, such as a cellar or cellar;
- at the garden flower, remove all faded buds, cut off the dried parts, cover the trunk circle with mulch from peat;
- when cultivating a flower in the northern zones, cover it for the winter with burlap or agrofiber. Cover the dwarf varieties with a cardboard box.
In the spring, when the temperature indicators stabilize, and the probability of night frost returning disappears, the shelter is removed.
Why does not bloom and what to do
Quite often, gardeners are faced with the problem of the absence of flowers on hydrangeas. This can be explained by several main factors:
- improper care, in particular, excess moisture or nutrients;
- inappropriate place, for example, growing a plant in the shade;
- adverse climatic conditions in which most of the kidneys were damaged;
- illiterate pruning, during which shoots with inflorescences were destroyed.
To achieve lush and prolonged flowering, such events help:
- Nutrient balance. The culture responds well to the application of mineral fertilizers, however, the dosage of drugs, especially nitrogen-containing ones, must be strictly observed. For this type of plant, the principle applies - it is better to underfeed than to overfeed. It is advisable to add nitrogen-based products in spring, potassium and phosphorus - a few weeks before the flowering phase.
- Location. For the flower, you should choose a spacious, well-lit place, but with a slight shade at lunchtime. In direct sunlight, delicate flowers can burn out, and in the shade - fade and develop poorly.
- Pruning. During the procedure, you must strictly adhere to the scheme and not remove more than 1/3 of the shoots at a time.
- Prevention. In order to protect the plant from pests and ailments, it is necessary to regularly carry out preventive spraying of bushes with insecticidal and fungicidal preparations several times a season.
Did you know? The blue and blue color of hydrangea is due to the fact that the plant has the ability to accumulate iron. At the same time, the color intensity can be controlled by itself, increasing or decreasing the acidity of the soil.
Panicled Hydrangea is a flower of amazing beauty that delights gardeners with lush, colorful and long flowering. The timing of flowering depends on many factors, however, everyone can provide the culture with proper care and conditions for growth, which will result in healthy grown bushes, characterized by an abundance of juicy colors and shapes.